The Electrical Products (Safety) Regulation (the "Regulation"), made under the Electricity Ordinance, Cap. 406, provides statutory control over the safety of all household electrical products supplied in Hong Kong with the objective to enhance public safety in the use of these products. Apart from those provisions in relation to the requirement of "certificate of safety compliance" for electrical products, individual provisions of the Regulation have come into operation since 24 October 1997 and 29 May 1998 respectively. The effective date when the provisions in relation to the "certificate of safety compliance" and the amendments made to the Regulation by the Electrical Products (Safety) (Amendment) Regulation 2000 come into operation is 1 December 2000.
The Regulation applies to all electrical products that are:
Note : "Supply" means
The Regulation does not apply to an electrical product which is:
In addition, the Regulation does not apply to electrical products which are operated at extra low voltage, i.e. not exceeding 50V a.c. or 120V d.c..
The Regulation requires that all household electrical products shall comply with the "essential safety requirements" to protect users from hazards arising from the electrical products and hazards which may be caused by external influences on the electrical products.
Under the Regulation, certain types of household electrical products which are of special nature and more liable to cause hazards are classified as "prescribed products". These types of products shall comply with the "specific safety requirements" in addition to the "essential safety requirements". Prescribed products include plugs, adaptors, lampholders, flexible cords, extension units and unvented thermal storage type electric water heaters. Household electrical products other than these 6 types of prescribed products are considered to be "non-prescribed products". For some particular types of electrical products, certain additional safety requirements are stipulated in the Regulation. For instance, a 110V a.c. electrical product shall carry a warning label.
The applicable safety requirements of the Regulation are shown in Appendix 1.
The Regulation requires suppliers to ensure that a "certificate of safety compliance" has been issued in respect of an electrical product designed for household use before it can be supplied in the market.
For a non-prescribed product, the following will be accepted as a certificate of safety compliance:
For a prescribed product, only the document as stated in either 2. or 3. above will be accepted as a certificate of safety compliance.
For the criteria for applying as a recognized certification body/recognized manufacturer or for their registers, please visit EMSD's webpages on "How to Apply" and "Registers".
The Regulation empowers the Director of Electrical & Mechanical Services (DEMS) to require the supplier of any electrical product, which is found not complying with the applicable safety requirements, to notify those to whom he has supplied the product of the hazardous defects in the product, to accept a return of the product, to refund the purchasers, and to notify the public of the matter through television, newspapers and other effective means.
For voluntary recall by suppliers, please refer to the "Guidelines on Voluntary Recall of Electrical Products Not Complying with the Safety Requirements".
The "Guidance Notes for the Electrical Products (Safety) Regulation" is published to provide a guide for suppliers of electrical products to understand the requirements of the Regulation. Lists of international/ national standards that are deemed to satisfy the applicable safety requirements of the Regulation are included in the Guidance Notes. Household electrical products that are manufactured and tested to these safety standards, or other compatible standards that fulfil the applicable safety requirements of the Regulation, will be accepted.
A person who contravenes the Regulation or supplies an electrical product that is prohibited to be supplied by DEMS is liable to a fine of $100,000 and imprisonment for 1 year on first conviction; and a fine of $500,000 and imprisonment for 2 years on subsequent conviction.
A person who supplies an electrical product for which no certificate of safety compliance has been issued is liable to a fine of $10,000.
Enquiries about the Regulation should be addressed to:
|Address:||Electricity Legislation Division
Electrical & Mechanical Services Department (EMSD)
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
3 Kai Shing Street, Kowloon, Hong Kong
|Tel:||1823 Citizen's Easy Link (Enquiries hotline)|
|Fax:||(852) 2895 4929|
August 2000 Edition
*Note : This is NOT a legal document and is prepared for general information only.
The applicable safety requirements under the Electrical Products (Safety) Regulation can generally be classified into three main types. They are summarised as follows:
Essential Safety Requirements
All electrical products shall be:
Specific Safety Requirements
For prescribed products (which include plugs, adaptors, lampholders, flexible cords, extension units and unvented thermal storage type electric water heaters), in addition to the "essential safety requirements", they have to comply with the "specific safety requirements", which are generally summarised as follows:
Applicable Safety Requirements for Particular Types of Electrical Products
"Applicable Safety Requirements for Particular Types of Electrical Products" mainly include the following: